I have a large stock of thousands of photos of native Midwestern plants, natural landscapes, and ecosystems. The photos range from beauty shots that can accompany text on general topics, to detailed close-ups that illustrate identifying features. If you have a request, please use the Contact Me page to send it.

 PLANTS AND POLLINATION

Without animals, especially insects, many flowering plants would not reproduce. Some of the new photos below show pollinators at work. I haven't included butterflies, on purpose, because they tend to be familiar. The "bugs" below either have stingers, and so we humans tend to avoid them, or they aren't well known to us as nectar feeders and pollen carriers.

The flowers and plants shown here occurred in Iowa and the Upper Midwest prior to settlement by Euro-Americans in the early 1800s. Clearly all survive, helped by prairie remnants, restoration work, and seed banking. I intend a message here: the beauty alone is worth holding onto, but the soil-making and water-holding abilities of many of these plants far exceed any introduced plants, and they have important roles to play in our present and future. For the most part, only these plants can rebuild what has been lost to the ignorance and neglect of the last 160 or so years. We made some progress in the 1970s and 1980s, but we humans have much more to understand about the benefits of these plants in our landscapes.

In the meantime, enjoy the pictures.